Ghana Weather

Ghana, situated just above the equator, enjoys a tropical climate characterized by two distinct seasons: the wet season and the dry season. The country’s climate is influenced by its geographical location and the movement of air masses across the region.

Wet Season (April to September):

  • Monsoon Influence: The wet season in Ghana is driven by the monsoon winds from the southwest. These winds carry warm, moist air across the country, resulting in heavy rains and thunderstorms.
  • Peak Rainfall: The most intense rainfall occurs between July and August. During this period, many areas, especially in the southern regions, experience significant precipitation.
  • Regional Variations: The Axim area, located in the southwest tip of Ghana, receives the highest annual rainfall. The coastal regions and the rainforest zones tend to have more prolonged and heavier rains compared to the northern savannah areas.
  • Temperature and Humidity: While temperatures drop slightly during the wet season, the weather remains relatively humid. The average annual temperature hovers around 28°C (82.4°F), though it can be cooler in the hills and mountainous areas like Aburi and the Kwahu Mountains.

Dry Season (November to March):

  • Harmattan Winds: The dry season is characterized by the Harmattan winds, which blow from the northeast. These winds bring dry, dusty air from the Sahara Desert, affecting visibility and air quality, especially in the northern regions.
  • Peak Dryness: December and January are the peak months for the Harmattan effect. During this time, the air is particularly dry, and temperatures can soar, especially in the northern parts of Ghana.
  • Temperature Extremes: In the north, temperatures can reach up to 32°C (89.6°F) during the dry season. The southern regions, while still warm, are generally more temperate due to their proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Humidity Levels: The dry season sees a significant drop in humidity levels, making the weather feel hotter. The lack of rainfall and the presence of dry winds create arid conditions, particularly in the northern savannah regions.

Regional Climate Differences:

  • Coastal Regions: Coastal areas such as Accra experience less temperature variation but higher humidity and consistent rainfall during the wet season.
  • Forest Zones: Central and southwestern regions, including areas like Kumasi, have a humid, tropical climate with significant rainfall and lush vegetation.
  • Northern Savanna: The northern regions, including cities like Tamale, have a more pronounced dry season with higher temperatures and lower humidity levels compared to the south.

Best Time to Visit

The optimal time to visit Ghana depends on your preferences. The dry season (November to March) is generally preferred for travel due to its clear skies and lower humidity, making it ideal for outdoor activities and exploring national parks. The early wet season (April to June) also offers a lush, green landscape and fewer tourists, though travelers should be prepared for occasional rain showers.


Ghana’s climate, with its distinct wet and dry seasons, offers diverse experiences for travelers. Whether you prefer the lush, green scenery of the wet season or the clear, sunny days of the dry season, Ghana has something to offer year-round. From the vibrant capital of Accra to the historical sites of Cape Coast and the natural beauty of the Volta Region, Ghana’s climate enhances its appeal as a travel destination.

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